Mice and rats carry diseases and destroy property with their sharp incisors that allow them to chew through wood and other materials to gain access to your home or nearby property. If you can spot the damage signs early on, you can stop the damage from getting too great. Beyond that, these rodents tend to make a mess with their droppings, crawl around in filth, and carry parasites and other pests within their fur that bring health problems.
Often the first thing that homeowners find indicating a rodent infestation is the droppings. If you find them in pantries, cupboards, behind garbage cans and receptacles or anywhere else you might have rodents. You might also hear them scurrying in the walls or see the mouse and rat tracks in dirt around the home.
The difference between the signs of rats and the signs of mice is subtle, but important. Usually the signs of rats and mice depends on size. Holes created by rats are larger, because rats are larger. Rat droppings are also larger, as well as smudge marks they leave behind. Mice are smaller and chew smaller holes in walls, leave smaller droppings behind.
Rats and mice will leave behind urine and feces. Rat droppings are fatter than those of mice and have rounded ends. Mice droppings are very small, almost like grains of rice, with pointy ends.
The three most common types of rodents found in homes are the brown rat, the black rate, and the house mouse. The house mouse has several subspecies that are common in different parts of the world and are increasingly being recognized as separate species, but these are all virtually indistinguishable from each other.
All rodents have the common identifying feature of a pair of incisor teeth in the upper jaw. They tend to have short legs and a long tail, but a closer look at their body characteristics and habits shows that there are easily distinguishable features that you can use to identify which pest is invading your property.
The easiest distinguishing feature is the small size of the house mouse at 1 - 4 inches long. However, a mouse can be confused with a young rat.
Rats have a similar appearance to mice but have distinguishable differences.
Proper storage of food, keeping areas clean and sanatized and sealing up easy entry points will go a long way in preventing rodents in your home.
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